Jerusalem Working Group
for Recognition of Major Jewish Rescuers during the Shoah
POB 23718 Jerusalem 91236

Photos of Some of the Major Jewish Rescuers

George Mantello
(Mandel Gyuri)

Mrs. Gizi Fleischmann
(Working Group)

Hillel Kook
(Peter Bergson)
USA (*)

Rb Solomon Schonfeld

Rb. Michael Ber
Working Group

(First name order)

(*) Etzel emissary to the United States. 
Formed and headed the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe,
also known as the "Bergson Group"

Portraits of some major non-Jewish and Jewish rescuers


Some of the major rescuers and rescue teams:

Monsignor Angelo Rotta, Papal Nuncio in Budapest

Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Portugese diplomat who saved tens of thousands

Bratislava Working Group, principal members: Rabbi Michael Ber Weissmandl and Mrs. Gizi Fleischmann, Andre Steiner, Rabbi Ármin Frieder, Oscar Neumann, Tibor Kovács, Willy Furst and collaborators Emanuel Frieder, Julius Natali, Juraj Révész and Shlomo Stern

Carl Lutz, Swiss ambassador in Budapest

Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe ("Bergson Group"), some of the principal members: Hillel Kook (Peter Bergson), Alex Hadani Rafaeli, Alex Wilf,
Arieh Ben-Eliezer, Arthur Szyk, Ben Hecht, Rabbi Ben Rabinowitz (Robbins),
Eri Jabotinsky, Esther Untermeyer, Gabe Wechsler, Senator Guy Gillette,
Harry Selden, Johan Smertenko, Konrad Bercovici, M. Berchin, Samuel Merlin, Sigrid Unset, Stella Adler, Congressman Will Rogers Jr., Yitzchak Ben-Ami

Feng-Shan Ho, Chinese consul in Vienna

George Mantello (Mandel Gyuri), Hungarian Jew from Romania working for El Salvador consulate in Switzerland

Giorgio Perlasca, Acting Charge d’Affaires of the Budapest Spanish Legacy

Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in Budapest

Sempo "Chiune" Sugihara, Japanese consul in Lithuania

Rabbi Solomon Schonfeld, England

Va’ad Hatzalah in Switzerland, Mrs. Recha Sternbuch, Itzhak Sternbuch and others

(In alphabetic order by first name. Names of leaders of rescue groups are italicized)

Many Gentile rescuers are listed on Web site:

A Few References ...

Abraham Fuchs, The Unheeded Cry (also in Hebrew as "Karati ve ein oneh")

Ben Hecht, Perfidy (also in Hebrew - as Kachas)

David Kranzler, Thy Brother’s Blood

David Kranzler, The Man who Stopped the Trains to Auschwitz: George Mantello, El Salvador’s and Switzerland’s finest hour

David Kranzler, Holocaust Hero: Solomon Shoenfeld - The Untold Story of an Extraordinary British Rabbi who Rescued 4000 during the Holocaust

Jeno Levai, Zsidosors Europaban (published in 1948 in Hungarian, about George Mantello and the major Swiss grass roots protests against the Holocaust)

Rabbi Michael Ber Weissmandl, Min HaMetzar (From the Straights), in Hebrew

David Wyman and Rafael Medoff, A Race Against Death - Peter Bergson, America and the Holocaust

Our "White Paper" can be found at White Paper 


There are many other references to books, articles and on Internet. Suggest search on the rescuers', their groups' and the authors' names and terms like: "Auschwitz Protocol", "Auschwitz Report", "Rabbis March", "War Refugee Board", "Europa Plan", "Wyman Institute", "We Shall Never Die", "Kindertransport"

Some suggested Web sites: 

Also many Web pages on
(David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies)

January 7, 2006